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Child Development FAQs

What are developmental variations in my child's physical development?

These are common problems many infants and children develop during growth. These include flexible flat feet, in-toeing, out-toeing, bow-legs and knock knees.

Why do infants and children develop these variations?

These variations are simply part of normal development that occurs in some children. It may be a pattern that is inherited or can occur for the first time in a family. Unfortunately, they may mimic deformities that are secondary to an underlying disease. Our Paediatric Physiotherapist, with a Paediatrician will make sure the variation is not as a result of something abnormal.

If I am concerned about the future, what should I do?

It is best to follow the advice of your Paediatrician or Physiotherapist. As they see many children with similar variations they will be able to guide you towards the right intervention if required.

Are variations in a child's physical development common?

These are very common and they occur in healthy infants and children. These are part of a child's typical development and often resolve naturally over time.

How should these variations be managed?

These variations will typically resolve on their own. If you are concerned, if your child's variations are asymmetrical or is causing them pain, then it is best to have your child checked by a qualified health professional.

Some doctors or other therapists recommend shoe inserts, back manipulations and other treatments. What should I do?

For a treatment to be used on your child, it should be both necessary and effective. Ensure you discuss your concerns in regards your child's development with a qualified health professional.

My parents (grandparents) are insisting that we do something. What should we do?

If something must be done, do something that will positively assist your child:

1. Avoid focusing attention on the variation as your child may become self-conscious of this.

2. Encourage your child to be physically active.

3 Provide your child with flexible shoes that allow for full mobility of the foot.

4. If concerned, seek professional advice from your Paediatrician or a Paediatric Physiotherapist.

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